The Académie Internationale de la Pipe - An international organisation who’s central object is to advance the education of the public in the economic and social history of tobacco and pipe smoking worldwide. Worshipful Company of Tobacco Pipe Makers and Tobacco Blenders -The successor of the first London Company of Tobacco Pipe makers, granted a charter by James I on 5th October 1619.The Salcombe form of this design element is more curviform and less specific than for a normal Jonah-pipe and, again, is unique to this example.It is worth noting that a number of Type 2 pipes make even clearer reference to the Jonah series, in that both jaws and scaled body are unequivocally present (Fig 2, No 4; ., 92, Figs 476-8). London Clay Pipe Studies - Lots of information relating to the clay tobacco pipe industry in the parishes of St Margaret and St John the Evangelist, Westminster, as well as details about the Tappin family of pipemakers. Pipe Aston Project - Dedicated to the study of clay tobacco pipes and kilns in the north Herefordshire region of England.Sooting within the bowl and absorption of nicotine and tars in the body of both bowl and stem suggests that the pipe had been smoked a number of times before its breakage or loss (Fig 1)., originally considered by Dutch scholars to be English in origin, in that some examples appeared to represent the head of Elizabeth 1 (Friederich 1975, 38-40).
Clay tobacco pipe makers' marks from London - A physical and digital database of clay pipe makers' marks from London excavations established by the Museum of London Archaeology service and focussing on stamps dating to between c15.The jaws that appear to be swallowing the head are long, straight and well toothed - something akin to a crocodile or alligator (Fig 2, Nos 8-9; , 95, Fig 492).The design, containing a large four-petalled flower set across the mould seam together with smaller floral elements on the sides, is very close to the Salcombe find, as is the ribbed collar next to the bowl junction.The fabric is off-white and fine-grained with few inclusions.The pipe was made in a two-part mould and is elaborately decorated throughout its surviving length.is similar in form, though more obviously Dutch, in that the front of the bowl slopes more sharply backwards than contemporary plain English examples.The bowl is slightly larger, but is much less highly decorated than Type 1 (Fig 2, Nos 3-4; is a small, heelless, group with similar bowl forms to Type 2 supported on a floral array, so that the bowls appears to be enfolded by a cup around the lower half.The whole surface area of both bowl and stem is mould decorated.The flat heel is often further decorated with a rose stamp (Fig 2, Nos 1-2; Duco 1987, 88-90, Figs 464-468).The upper part of the Salcombe bowl is also decorated much in the manner of Type 2 pipes (Fig 2, No 4).Thus, there would appear to be both a stylistic and chronological overlap between Types 2, 3 and 4, which is reflected in the compound of design elements exhibited by the Salcombe pipe.